A very long time ago the North of France housed an inner sea. Evidence of this sea and its seabed can be found in the soil of most of this area, where remains of shellfish and fossiles are easily tracked. A high concentration of chalk is the result and forms the character of the region we now call Champagne. The profile of the taste of every Champagne is derived from this terroir. Because of the chalk, the soil is very permeable to water, so rainwater is easily dissipated and warmth of the sun during the day is released at night. This terroir an specific climate is the base of the succes of Champagne.
Champagne is a white wine. However, the wines if made from mostly blue grapes: pinot noir en pinot meunier. Chardonnay is also used. Een Champagne made from 100% Chardonnay garpes is called Blanc de Blancs, a Champagne made from 100% blue grapes is called Blanc de Noirs genoemd. The latter is quite rare.
De beste Champagnes come from domaines like Selosse, Krug, Bollinger, Veuve Clicquot, Armand de Brignac, Salon, Roederer, Moet et Chandon