Wachau is renowned for producing exceptional white wines, primarily from Grüner Veltliner and Riesling grapes. These wines possess impressive aging potential. Notably, several wineries, such as Hirtzberger (since the early 1800s), Weingut Maccherndl (since 1786), and Nikolaihof (dating back to 1777) showcase the region's rich winemaking history.
Domäne Wachau, a cooperative of families owning small vineyards, represents a significant part of the region. Its collaborative structure highlights strong community bonds and dedication to winemaking. Wines under the Domäne Wachau label not only feature top-quality selections but are among the finest in the region.
The region benefits from both western Atlantic and eastern Pannonian climate influences, with the unique soil composition resting upon gneiss and amphibolite rocks shaped by the Danube River over millions of years. The Wachau's distinct terroir, shaped by steep slopes, varied soils, and a Danube-influenced climate, significantly influences the diverse flavors found in its wines. This geological history, characterized by gneiss, weathered granite, and loess soils, lays the foundation for Wachau's renowned wine culture.