Alsace is the easternmost wine region in France and is clearly non-French. The towns and villages are built in half-timbered style and the wines are often called after their grape variety. Where do we encounter that more? Indeed: Germany.
The area has a turbulent history and was often a battle between Germany and France and therefore often changed as part of one of the countries. You will find evidence of this everywhere, not least through the use of German and French names interchangeably (rue de Pfaffenheim, for example).
The climate is ideal for wine growing. Lots of sun (comparable to Roussillon) and one of the least rain amounts in France. This is partly due to the Vosges with mountain peaks up to 1400 meters.
The soil structure is very varied, so there is a wide variety of grapes and wines. Most vineyards are located on the foothills of the mountains, the bottom of which is composed of granite and sand-lime brick.
Alsace has three appellations: Alsace, Alsace Grand Cru and Cremant de Alsace.
Alsace is best known for its white wines made from Riesling, Gewurztraminer and Pinot Gris. Both dry and sweet wines (Vendanges Tardive and Grains Nobles) are among the largest wines in France.