1. The Wine Advocate (Robert Parker)
The American Robert M. Parker Jr. (1947) might be the most influential wine critic of all time. Parker fell in love with wine when he visited Alsace in 1967 where his girlfriend (now wife) Patricia was studying. He finished his legal studies and became a lawyer in Baltimore in 1973. In 1978, he started publishing The Baltimore-Washington Wine Advocate, a bi-monthly newsletter which was renamed The Wine Advocate a year later. Robert Parker’s The Wine Advocate soon became one of the most trusted sources of wine reviews. The Wine Advocate ranks wine on a scale from 50 to 100 points based upon the wine's color and appearance, aroma and bouquet, flavor and finish, and overall quality level or potential.
In 2000, an online version of the magazine was introduced, RobertParker.com. In 2006 Parker appointed staff members to cover the majority of the world’s wine regions in Parker’s place, and generate wine scores for The Wine Advocate. In December 2012 Robert Parker also stepped back from his full-time position, naming Lisa Perrotti-Brown as the publication's new editor-in-chief.
The Wine Advocate staff now includes Lisa Perrotti-Brown, Luis Gutierrez, Monica Larner, Stephan Reinhardt, Joe Czerwinski, William Kelley, Erin Brooks, Anthony Mueller, Edward Ragg and Mark Squires. On 22 November, 2019 it was announced that Michelin Guide became the sole owner of The Wine Advocate. Robert Parker himself retired in 2019 at age 71.